The groups name is derived from the black september conflict which began on 16 september 1970 when king hussein of jordan declared military rule in response to fedayeen attempting to seize his kingdom resulting in the deaths and expulsion of thousands of palestinians fighters from jordan the bso began as a small cell of fatah men determined to take revenge upon king hussein and the . Besides seeding lebanons civil war and disintegration the jordanian palestinian war of 1970 led to the creation of the palestinian black september movement a commando faction that broke away from the plo and directed several terrorist plots to avenge palestinians losses in jordan including hijackings the assassination of jordanian prime . In palestine palestinians and the plo in jordan that became known as black september on september 6 9 the pflp hijacked to a jordanian airstrip three airliners american swiss and british with a total of more than 300 people aboard. Black september a palestinian terrorist group that grew out of the defeat of the palestinians in the september 1970 jordanian civil war black september is generally believed to have been established by elements of al fatah in the autumn of 1971 as a result of pressure from groups like the popular front for the liberation of palestine to wage a more radical war against the palestinians enemies
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