Nuclear power plants use the heat generated from nuclear fission in a contained environment to convert water to steam which powers generators to produce electricity although the construction and operation of these facilities are closely monitored and regulated by the nuclear regulatory commission nrc accidents are possible an accident could result in dangerous levels of. Who is responsible for emergency planning emergency planning responsibilities for nuclear power plants fall into two categories onsite responding to the accident within the nuclear facility itself and offsite dealing with the consequences to the surrounding area and population. Emergency planning zones for planning purposes the nrc defines two emergency planning zones around each nuclear power plant the exact size and configuration of the zones vary from plant to plant due to local emergency response needs and capabilities population land characteristics access routes and jurisdictional boundaries. This post outlines the emergency planning requirements based on the plan for the edwin i hatch nuclear plant in georgia that ucs obtained via a freedom of information act request while the specific details of this plan vary a little from plans for other nuclear plants in the united states the general framework applies to all plans. This factor is what primarily differentiates nuclear plant emergency planning from that of other types of power plants as it requires coordinated planning with neighboring stakeholder groups as
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